History Support Materials
History snapshot: Australia at the time of settlement
History/Historical knowledge and understanding/First contacts and Historical skills/Chronology, terms and concepts
|Content Description||Relevant aspects of the Achievement Standards|
Stories of the First Fleet, including reasons for the journey, who travelled to Australia, and their experiences following arrival
The nature of contact between Aboriginal people and/or Torres Strait Islanders and others, for example, the Macassans and the Europeans, and the effects of these interactions on, for example families and the environment
Use historical terms
Students recognise the significance of events in bringing about change.
Nature of the assessment
Purpose of the assessment
Identify students’ existing knowledge and understandings prior to beginning a unit of work
Stage in the teaching sequence
Start of a lesson sequence
The teacher posed the following questions to the class. The students recorded T or F on their mini-boards and held them up. The teacher scanned the answers, noting the proportion of students who answered correctly.
Q1. The first humans settled in Australia about 50 000 years ago.
Q2. James Cook discovered Australia.
Q3. James Cook was in charge of the First Fleet.
Q4. All of the first people in the First Fleet were male prisoners.
Q5. The people in the First Fleet had to fight Aboriginal peoples to take control of the city of Sydney.
Q6. There were children living in Australia when the First Fleet arrived.
Q7. There were sheep in Australia before the First Fleet arrived.
Q8. The people in the First Fleet saw kangaroos for the first time when they arrived in Australia.
The teacher led a brief discussion of each question to gain further information of the students’ understanding.
Using the information
The teacher observed the students’ incomplete understandings about what Australia was like at the time of settlement. As a result she reworked her teaching program to take time to further develop the students’ understandings of what things might have been like.