• using visual or print dictionaries, word lists and pictures to translate simple familiar texts, such as labels, captions, charts, posters, applying knowledge of grammatical rules and understanding of context to assist in translation, for example, by identifying word stems or removing affixes
  • translating texts, identifying culture-specific concepts and expressions that do not easily translate into English, for example, language related to artefacts, place names, kinship relations, name substitutes
  • interpreting terminology for parts of the body and their metaphoric use in relation to landscape and artefacts, drawing comparisons with English or other languages
  • identifying words and phrases that have more than one literal meaning
  • showing others how different signs and hand talk are used and explaining their meaning and symbolism
  • interpreting art works and performances to others, including the use of symbolism