• noticing how respect is shown to Elders in the community through practices such as terms of address and expressions of deference, and comparing to practices associated with their own languages and cultures
  • noticing and describing similarities and differences between target language and Australian-English language and communicative behaviours used in certain social situations, for example, forms of address, the use of body language, intonation, facial and vocal expression and eye contact; etiquette associated with meal times, expressions used when leaving or returning home
  • identifying elements of communication and cultural expression represented in target language stories, songs, visual design, dance or audio/visual media, such as IndigiTUBE, and responding by sharing/ comparing individual responses to these
  • comparing their own and each other’s reflections on the experience of learning the target language, considering whether their attitudes or understandings have changed in any respects