• investigating the nature of the distribution of target language speakers across Australia, the nature and extent of target language use in Australia, the use of the target language in the media, for example, TV programs, films, IndigiTUBE
  • learning about the current situation of the target language: its state of health and the nature of the speech community, particularly in relation to generational differences
  • recognising that many community members are multilingual and discussing the reasons for this
  • recognising that Aboriginal languages and Torres Strait Islander languages may have two or more regional varieties and consider reasons for this
  • recognising how the target language has been transmitted across generations and how it has been recorded, understanding reasons for different spellings of words within the target language
  • recognising that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages are in various states of maintenance, development and revival and investigate the diversity of historical reasons for this
  • investigating language revival programs, for example, associated processes and protocols, success stories and challenges, and what these efforts mean to the communities
  • understanding that the target language is among the small number of languages still spoken across all generations
  • investigating the intergenerational transmission of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages
  • exploring how physical and biological environments affect linguistic ecology
  • recognising that some words are shared across several Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages, understanding why there might be differences in spelling