• exploring forms, usage, history and impact of contact languages, including creoles, pidgins and Aboriginal Englishes
  • observing changes to language that reflect changing lifestyles, cultural trends and emerging needs, for example, youth language, words and expressions associated with new technologies, the impact of music, popular culture and media
  • reflecting on changes in their own use of their first language(s) over time, noticing how and when new ways are adopted or existing ways adapted