• investigating the geographical location of the target language and the number of its historical and contemporary speakers
  • considering the future prospects of the target language in the context of its current linguistic ecology
  • exploring the use of the target language, English, Aboriginal English and creoles in the speech community, and understanding the nature of Indigenous multilingualism
  • researching the impact on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages in general and on the target language in particular of historical events, government policies, legislation and judicial processes, such as stolen generations, mission schools and advocacy
  • identifying social and government policies and practices that have impacted positively on processes of language acquisition, for example, the performing of Welcome to Country and the Acknowledgement of Country at events, on television, in films; efforts to raise the profile of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages in the wider Australian community and in particular geographical regions
  • investigating the situation of indigenous languages in other countries, for example, New Zealand, Hawaii, North America, Japan, Latin America, considering issues such as language rights, language endangerment, revival and reclamation, drawing comparisons with the situation of Aboriginal languages and Torres Strait Islander languages in Australia
  • understanding how the process of language-building expands existing linguistic and cultural resources in the Australian community