• understanding that there are different ways of telling a story, such as Elders yarning, song, dance and music and associated visual design and spectacle, and through painting (body, bark, rock, sand)
  • recognising that communication can also occur through sign language; identifying and using basic signs for things from the everyday environment
  • understanding that texts have a purpose, for example, greetings, Welcome to Country/Acknowledgement of Country/Place, traditional stories, paintings, songs and dances convey community-wide messages
  • identifying some features of narratives, for example, they are usually about journeys across Country, involving landforms, animals and plants
  • recognising that writing, like speech, is rule-bound and involves following the conventions according to text type
  • noticing how texts such as storybooks are sequenced and organised, for example, by identifying the main title and connections between pictures and text