• identifying/recognising Indigenous languages in the environment, for example, street names, names of parks
  • recognising that there are many different Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages in Australia, for example, by viewing Language maps of their region, their state and the whole of Australia
  • identifying neighbouring Indigenous languages of their region
  • recognising that linguistic diversity in contemporary Australia includes Indigenous as well as non-Indigenous languages, and that Australia has many languages, for example, by identifying languages used by different classmates by creating a class profile or language map
  • recognising that some Indigenous languages in Australia are strong, while others are endangered or in the process of being revived or reclaimed
  • recognising shared vocabulary across groups of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander languages, for example, words such as ‘hand’, ‘water’, ‘crow’