• learning how to use different voice levels appropriate to a situation, for example learning about 'inside voices' and 'outside voices'
  • learning to ask questions and provide answers that are more than one or two words
  • participating in speaking and listening situations, exchanging ideas with peers in pairs and small groups and engaging in class discussions, listening to others and contributing ideas
  • showing understanding of appropriate listening behaviour, such as listening without interrupting, and looking at the speaker if culturally appropriate
  • listening and responding to oral and multimodal texts including rhymes and poems, texts read aloud and various types of digital texts
  • engaging in conversations with peers and adults in home language or dialect
  • asking and answering questions using appropriate intonation
  • speaking so that the student can be heard and understood
  • altering volume for inside and outside situations and when speaking to an audience
  • Speaking
  • Listening