• using phonic generalisations to read and write multisyllabic words with more complex letter combinations, for example ‘straightaway’ and ‘thoughtful’
  • recognising unstressed vowels in multisyllabic words and how these vowel sounds are written, for example ‘builder’ and ‘animal’
  • using knowledge of sounds and visual patterns to read and write more complex letter combinations that have multiple representations in writing, for example ‘boy’ and ‘boil’, ‘howl’ and ‘foul’, ‘taught ’and ‘saw’