• participating in pair, group, class, school and community speaking and listening situations, including informal conversations, discussions, debates and presentations
  • using effective strategies for dialogue and discussion in range of formal and informal contexts, including speaking clearly and coherently and at appropriate length, clarifying and rephrasing comments of others
  • choosing vocabulary and spoken text and sentence structures for particular purposes and audiences, adapting language choices to meet the perceived audience needs, such as debating a topic with a team from another school, introducing a speaker at a school function
  • selecting voice effects for different audiences and purposes, such as tone, volume, pitch and pace, recognising the effects these have on audience understanding and engagement