• combining research using primary and secondary sources with a student's own experimental investigation
  • using modelling and simulations, including using digital technology, to investigate situations and events
  • deciding how much data are needed to produce reliable measurements
  • considering possible confounding variables or effects and ensuring these are controlled
  • identifying the potential hazards of chemicals or biological materials used in experimental investigations
  • identifying safety risks and impacts on animal welfare and ensuring these are effectively managed within the investigation
  • collaborating with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples to explore the development of a commercial product based upon traditional ecological knowledge while addressing ethical issues Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures Cross-curriculum priority Hand icon