• identifying immediate neighbours and the languages they speak, noting differences and similarities with their own language, shared vocabulary and regional variations in language structure and use
  • investigating the distribution of speakers of the language across Australia, and the use of the language in the media, for example, in TV programs, films, IndigiTUBE
  • understanding the current situation and status of the language and how strong it is across generations
  • recognising how the language has been transmitted across generations and how it has been recorded, discussing reasons for different spellings of words within the language
  • recognising that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages are in various states of maintenance, development and revival, and investigating the historical reasons for such variation
  • investigating language revival programs, for example, processes and protocols involved, success stories and challenges, and considering what these efforts mean to the communities
  • understanding that the language is among the small number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages still spoken across all generations
  • exploring how physical and biological environments affect linguistic ecology
  • recognising that some words are shared across several Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages, understanding why there might be differences in spelling