• investigating the geographical location of the language and the number of its speakers historically and in contemporary times
  • considering what might be future challenges facing their language in the context of its current linguistic ecology
  • exploring the use of English, Aboriginal English and creoles in their community
  • researching the impact of historical events, government policies, legislation and judicial processes, such as stolen generations, mission schools and advocacy on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages
  • identifying social and government policies and practices linked to particular geographical regions that have impacted positively on language acquisition, for example, the performing of Welcome to Country and the Acknowledgement of Country at events, on television programs and in films, efforts to raise the profile of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages in the wider Australian community
  • investigating the situation of indigenous languages in other countries, for example, New Zealand, Hawaii, North America, Japan, Latin America, considering issues such as language rights, language endangerment and revival and reclamation efforts, drawing comparisons with the situation of Aboriginal languages and Torres Strait Islander languages in Australia
  • understanding how the process of language-building expands existing linguistic and cultural resources in the Australian community
  • investigating and comparing the ecologies of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages with those of Indigenous languages in other countries, considering issues such as languages policy, language rights, language loss, advocacy and reform and multilingualism