• understand and use vocabulary relating to familiar and unfamiliar topics, including synonyms and older words that might not currently be used so often
  • understanding that words have different functions, for example, words for things, words for actions
  • identifying common word classes, for example, noun, verb, using available terminology from the language as appropriate
  • recognising that sentences are key units for expressing ideas
  • recognising common prefixes and suffixes in the language and how they change a word’s function
  • learning new words for everyday contexts and for a growing number of school and community contexts
  • recognising that the language may have words in common with nearby languages
  • observing some words in the language that are not found in English and vice versa