• noticing that different forms of address and kinship terms are used depending on the relationship between participants
  • recognising that the way a person is related to another affects how he or she speaks and behaves with that person, as in the case of mother-in-law talk or avoidance relationships, such as poison cousins
  • recognising that ways of speaking vary according to context and situation, for example, language used when interacting with peers during playground games is different to that used with the teaching team in school
  • recognising that language used in particular interactions can vary between cultural contexts, for example, the different use of kin categories in the language
  • learning to use a different tone and style of language with different people
  • recognising that there may be different languages spoken in the community which can be distinguished by listening carefully