• drawing simple labelled ray diagrams to show the paths of light from a source to our eyes
  • comparing shadows from point and extended light sources such as torches and fluorescent tubes
  • classifying materials as transparent, opaque or translucent based on whether light passes through them or is absorbed
  • recognising that the colour of an object depends on the properties of the object and the colour of the light source
  • exploring the use of mirrors to demonstrate the reflection of light
  • recognising the refraction of light at the surfaces of different transparent materials, such as when light travels from air to water or air to glass
  • recognising Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples’ understanding of refraction as experienced in spear fishing and in shimmering body paint, and of absorption and reflection as evidenced by material selected for construction of housingAboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures Cross-curriculum priority Hand icon