The aspects of a performer’s body used to construct character or role, make meaning, convey emotional qualities as well as communicate relationships. These include:

  • energy: effort and commitment used in the creation of movement and non-verbal communication.
  • facial expressions: the shape and adjustment of face.
  • gait: the manner in which an actor walks.
  • gesture: often involves arm and hand movements such as indicating, waving or beckoning but can include shrugging of the shoulders, winking eyes etc.
  • posture: the position of the body and sense of shape to create role and character.
  • proxemics: the position of people (and objects) in relation to each other onstage.
  • shape: the overall pattern or impression created by the body.
  • time: tempo and rhythm of movement.
  • weight: the adjustment of movement to create a sense of force.